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Historic Footage of Space Shuttle Endeavours Missions Print
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Wednesday, 19 September 2012 13:35

 

Space shuttle Endeavour was NASA’s fifth and final shuttle orbiter, rolling out of the assembly plant in Palmdale, Calif., in April 1991. It was named after a ship chartered to traverse the South Pacific in 1768 and captained by 18th century explorer James Cook. Endeavour flew 25 times, traveling more than 122,000 miles and accumulating 299 days in space. It docked to the Mir space station once and to the International Space Station 12 times. Its maiden voyage, STS-49 in May 1992, featured a spectacular rescue of the INTELSAT VI communications satellite by three space walkers – a first in human spaceflight. After the rescue, Endeavour’s astronauts released the satellite into orbit. Just four months later, Mae Jemison, the first African-American woman in space, flew aboard Endeavour’s STS-47 mission. The first Hubble Space Telescope servicing mission was accomplished by Endeavour’s STS-61 crew in December 1993, correcting Hubble’s vision with the Corrective Optics Space Telescope Axial Replacement, or COSTAR. STS-88 in December 1998 was the first space station assembly flight – Endeavour delivered the Unity module and connected it to the Russian Zarya module. During STS-97 in late 2000, Endeavour was the first shuttle to visit an occupied International Space Station, crewed by Expedition 1. In April 2001, Endeavour’s STS-100 crew delivered Canadarm2 to the space station and witnessed the first robotic handshake between it, and the shuttle’s Canadarm. NASA's first educator astronaut, Barbara Morgan, logged more than 305 hours in space aboard Endeavour's STS-118 mission to the station in August 2007. And in June 2011, Mark Kelly’s STS-134 crew flew Endeavour’s final mission and enhanced the station’s science capabilities by delivering the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer, which today is advancing our knowledge of the universe by searching for unusual matter. Like shuttles Discovery, Enterprise and Atlantis, Endeavour is embarking on its next mission - to inspire the next generation of explorers and engineers by serving as a public exhibit at the California Science Center in Los Angeles.

 

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Last Updated on Wednesday, 19 September 2012 16:32
 
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